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Environmental Management on the Seabed
- The Area is defined as the seabed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof, beyond the limits of national jurisdiction. In other words, it consists of the entire ocean floor which is not subject to sovereign rights of coastal states in an Exclusive Economic Zone or Continental Shelf. The water surface above the area is the High Seas. While the latter is governed by the principle of freedom of the seas, the Area has been declared the common heritage of mankind. International Seabed Authority is responsible to protection and preservation of the marine environment in the Area. There are many issues relating to a law-making mechanism for almost every aspect concerning the activities in the Area such as dredging, drilling, excavation, disposal of waste, construction and operation or maintenance of installations, pipelines and other devices related to such activities and the prevention of damage to the flora and fauna of the marine environment are still existed to be studied.