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The concepts of Kingship in Bagan with Special Emphasis on the titles of Bagan Kings
- The cosmological concepts of Hinduism and Buddhism are very similar to each other. Within this, the idea of the state as the kingdom and the institution of kingship was set. The kingdom should be seen as a replica, carrying the attributes of the macro universe. Kingship could be seen as an attempt to parallel the universe. The kingdom of South east Asia and also in Myanmar are intimately intertwined with the three conceptions of kingship, all of which are Hindu in origin. The three Myanmar conceptions of kingship got from India are the devaraja or devarajika , the dhammaraja or dhammarajika and the Kammaraja or Kammarajika -- the divine, human and superhuman attributes of kingship. Bagan administrative structure especially lay on the Buddhist theory of kingship. In this Buddhist state, the king was the supreme defender of Buddhism who observed the Buddhist concept on of kingship. i. e the Mahasammata and Dhammarajika models. But, in this paper, by the study of the regnal titles of Bagan kings we came to know that there existed all three conceptions of kingship in Bagan.
Nwe Ni Hlaing
- Mandalay University Research Journal