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Northern Myanmar's Commercial Relations with Yunan Province during Colonial Period
- Myanmar and China are neighbouring countries, sharing nearly two thousand miles long border. They have relations since thousands of years ago. The Northern Myanmar's commercial, cultural and political relations with Yunan Province began in the time of Pyus (Piao) and Tang Chinese (A.D 628-907). The commercial relations with Pyu (Old Myanmar) began as early as 3rd century. The diplomatic relations between the two countries began only in the Tang dynasty. The encounters of Northern Myanmar and Yunan Province (China) came about by the fact that the two countries were in contact territorially, which caused to bring about politico-socio-economic relations. As it is seen, of the neighbouring countries of Myanmar, China is the only country which plays an important role of for the foreign policy of Myanmar from the early time down to present day. The province of Yunnan, China was in contact with Myanmar along the Myanmar- China border. In carrying out trade with India, Chinese usually crossed the northern part of Myanmar. The principal goods exported to China were cotton and jade, of which the latter was carried by mule on their way to Yunnan. In Myanmar - China trade, Bamaw became a major trading centre. Jade mines were located also in Mogaung Township. However, Chinese jade traders stayed only at the royal capital, as they could go to jade lands of Hpakant and Mogaung only with royal permission. In going to Yunnan, jade traders first used the route from Momien to Kunyung Liem to Chansi. Therefore, based on contemporary records in Myanmar, an attempt is made to describe border trade and political of the two countries during the colonial period. The objective of this paper is also to mention the elements which motivated Myanmar relations between Yunnan province and Northern Myanmar (Kachin State).
Kyaw Swe Nyunt
- Dagon University Silver Jubilee Research Journal