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The Introduction of Yahanpyo and Its Doctrine
- The conquest of the Upper Myanmar by the British caused not only the extinction of Myanmar monarchal rule but it also the disintegration of the order of the monk because of their practices. However, together with the awakening of nationalism, the monks also came to take part in the nationalist movements beyond the religion as they came to see that the religion could not stand aloof and relied very much on the economic prosperity of the people. The associations of Yahanpyo came to emerge as a re-inforcement in a place of Samgha Samaggi that had come to lead the Wunthanu Movements from 1920s onwards and came to wane around 1937.These associations were appeared during the Great Movement of the Year 1300th in 1938 and founded a single organization in the name of All Burma Yahanpyo Leaque (ABYL) in the combination of these associations in order to bring the unification, and to be disciplined among them soon after the outbreak of the Great Movement of the Year 1300th. Although they had focused on the wellbeing and prosperity of the national (ahmyo), faith (batha) and the religion (sāsanā ) at the very outset, later they came to call for the unity not only among the Buddhist monks but it also among the political leaders for the unconditional independence. This organization became a main pillar to defend and to counterpart the propagation of the materialism of the Marxists. Although it had cometo commence with background of racial riots that were appeared under the inspiration of the British government, they did not walk on that way. Later, they became more systematic and more progressive and tended to the purification of religion (sāsanā).
Yan Naing Lin
- University of Mandalay, Research Journal