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Land, Livelihood and Change of Family Structure
- The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between lifestyle changes based on land use and family structure in order to understand the real situation of rural development in Kyaw Detha, Gangaw Township, Myanmar. I utilized particular emphasis on the use of basic ethnographic method. After 1988, in the time of the Revolutionary Council and State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), such land use projects as road construction, construction of railway lines, timber extraction and establishment of oil company as well as Ka-pa-sa factory have increased and the confiscation of farmland of the local farmers have stepped up. In fact, the authorities and the private business persons were the ones who attained a great deal of benefits. Paddy land and farmland decreased and local people owned only small acres of land primarily, and so not all of their children could receive land as inheritance. Moreover, the Migrant workers in the vicinity came into Kyaw to seek jobs for their living. Thus, Kyaw became a populated place because local people opened stores, food center and other private businesses along the main road. They sold goods to migrant workers (local people called them Zingam a) rather than local people. So, local people changed their careers in order to survive. Now, Kyaw is no longer a village - it became a town in March 2015. This paper primarily deals with the land use, livelihood and change of family structure in the local community of Kyaw Detha. Therefore, I also looked at the historical development in that area and how it has shaped the land use pattern and livelihood strategies as well as the nature of rural-urban relations due to the state development project.
Nyunt Nyunt Win
- 2nd International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies, University of Mandalay, 16-18 February