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An Anthropological Perspective on Health and Health Care System of Gangaw Township in Myanmar
- The study area Gangaw Township is located in the Pakokku District, Magwe Region. Villagers from Gangaw Region did not used to go to medical clinics and hospitals. They had financial problem to receive medical treatments and some of them did not even consider they should have medical treatments from professionals. Some of them had no time to see the doctors. They relied for their health on traditional medicines. Now a day, the villagers rely mostly on modern medicine and herbal medicines that are available at the village's retail shops when they become to get ill. Moreover, the women, their neighbors give the advice to make offering to traditional believed spirits. In 1980, there was no practice of modern birth spacing before health program started in the study area. There was traditional way of birth spacing and terminating pregnancy about 20 years ago. Lethe is still working in the area for delivery cases but more lethe was working before 2005. It was learnt from the existing data that there were many death cases of malaria in 1998 (Tharlin Rural Health Center, RHC). This project includes testing the presence of malaria parasite in a patient, giving treatment free of charge when it is positive so that the rate reduced afterwards and it is now nearly disappeared. Nowadays prominent health problem is respiratory infection called acute respiratory tract infection (ARI). In the past, villagers usually perform some traditional practices to protect the village from any diseases and illnesses. An organizer (Nat-Sayar) was requested to do spiritual act and to recite some sacred words (Nat-Puzaw) at special places where the shrine was situated (Nat-Sin). Up to now, people are still practicing traditional way of treatment though western medical services are easily available. Peoplepractice both western type of treatment and traditional way simultaneously. Ethnographic research design was used to collect the data and purposive sampling was conducted to select study areas.
Nyunt Nyunt Win
- Universities Research Journal