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Emotional Intelligence and Coping Style as mediators between adult attachment and distress
- The purpose of this study was to explore the role of emotional intelligence and coping styles as mediators in the relationship between adult attachment and distress. This study also attempted to develop the Myanmar version of the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS) based on a translation of Collins and Reads’ (1990) original instrument. Participants were 337 undergraduate students from University of Yangon who completed a battery of self-report questionnaires, including Outcome Questionnaire, Trait Meta-Mood Scale, Problem-Focused Styles of Coping Scale, Adult Attachment Scale, and Inventory of Interpersonal Problems. Factor analysis of the Myanmar version of the AAS revealed three subscale: Secure (.71), Anxious (.72), and Avoidant (.74). Further, the results of the multiple regression analyses revealed that adult attachment insecurity (anxious and avoidant) was a positive significant predictor to psychological and interpersonal distress, whereas adult attachment security (secure) was a negative significant predictor to psychological and interpersonal distress. The meditational analyses revealed that one factor of emotional intelligence (clarity of feeling) and two factors of coping styles (reactive and suppressive) functioned as mediators between adult attachment and distress. Implications of the findings for the importance of considering both emotional intelligence and coping styles in the investigation of the attachment-distress relationship are discussed.
May Lwin Nyein
- Journals of Myanmar Academic Art & Science