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Bondage Loan (Or) Ko-Nay Thetkayit in Salin Town During Konbaung Period
- The Myanmar economy was based on agriculture throughout the Konbaung Period. Therefore, the livelihood of most people was concerned with agriculture. When people were faced with difficulties they used to solve their problems by mortgaging their agricultural land, borrowing money, borrowing paddy and share-cropping. In some cases, poor people had to borrow money or paddy by mortgaging humans as a pledge; they mortgaged their relatives such as son, daughter, husband, wife, nephew, nieces etc. Sometimes people had to keep more than two or three people in bondages to get enough money for their needs. There were some contracts in which the whole family was kept in bondage. Even though bondage contracts were made in several areas of Myanmar, most contracts were found in Salin, an ancient town of Central Myanmar where agriculture thrived and big land owners lived. In this paper the reasons for people being kept in bondage and how they were mortgaged are discussed by analyzing the contracts found in Salin. To understand and distinguish the custom of bondage loan, the contracts from Yindaw, Shwebo and other places were used for comparison.
Wai Wai Hein
- Conference Paper
- 2nd International conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies 16-18 February