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Differences in Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence and self-concept between Criminals and non- criminals
- This paper describes how the researcher examined differences between criminals and non-criminals in emotional intelligence, intelligence, and self-concept. Firstly, criminals were compared with non-criminals in intelligence test scores obtained by using Raven's Progressive Matrices. Next, this study examined differences in emotional intelligence between criminals and non-criminals by using Emotional Intelligence Inventory. Besides, Self-Concept of criminals derived by using the SelfConcept Scale was also compared with those of non-criminals. Participants of the present study consist of two groups. These are a criminal group and its comparison contrast group. The criminal group contains 185 criminals incarcerated in the Central prison of Upper Myanmar, Mandalay Region for their committing any crime of murder or robbery or rape or theft. The comparison contrast was recruited from normal population and contains 185 individuals who have never committed any crime. The criminals have lower intelligence test scores than their counterparts, according to the results. In comparison with non-criminals, the result shows, the criminals in the present sample have more incidence of a well-developed concept of negative self-image as bad, not likable, undesirable, unsentimental, worthless individual, individual with attachment to nobody and no future than their counterparts. However, there was not much difference in self-awareness and empathy between the criminal group and non-criminal group. Moreover, the finding of present study isolated the self-regulation component from such other Emotional Intelligence components as self-awareness and empathy, and because it was found that there was significant difference in self-regulation between the criminal group and the noncriminal group. It was unexpectedly found that the self-motivation scale scores of the criminal group were higher than those of non-criminal group.
Myat Su Hlaing