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The Meitei (Kathe) Crown Service groups in Myanmar from the earliest times to the end of Monarchical Rule
- The Meitei (Kathe J) had settled along the Yangtze River in China from about the 12nd century BC and then they moved in Sichuan region. Later they migrated from the south eastern Tibet to Hukong Valley, Chindwin region and Kachin region. From that earliest time on words they lived Chindwin valley and scattered into the Manipur plain. Some Meitei (Kathe J) groups arrived and stayed in those areas: in Somra tract, along the Ayeyarwady valley, Thaung Thut, Yaw, Monywa, Sagaing. Meitei (Kathe J) are Tibet-Myanmar family. Their sub-family members are Chin, Kachin, Myanmar, Naga, Thet and Lo Lo. Therefore, some of their languages are found closely related to Chin, Kachin and Myanmar. During the time of Myanmar King, the Manipur State was under the rule of Myanmar kings and also became as one of their tributary States. Due to the military conquest of Myanmar kings, the Meitei (Kathe J) group arrived in Myanmar royal cities including from Meitei royal families to commoners and bondsmen, They had settled so long in Myanmar kingdom. The reason to this long lasting settlement safely and securely, might be attributable, to their services rendered to the Myanmar people and the king, which can be seen in the renowned services of court Brahmims (Kathe J Ponna) in the palace, Myin Su in the famous name of Kathe J cavalry, Lamaing Su (royal cultivators), Thwei-Thauk Su (Blood-bond Brotherhood), Boatmen and other crown service groups. They were widely utilized by Myanmar kings. This show that Kathe J people had served Myanmar kings with might and main, intellectually and physically, without sparing their lives for the interest of the king and the people. They are still living together with Myanmar People particularly around the former royal capitals and throughout Myanmar.
Nwe Ni Hlaing
- Journal of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science